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Microcosm/Macrocosm

Scientific and Mystical View on the Origin of the Universe,

the Nature of Matter & Human Consciousness
Section II

A Scientific Approach to the Mysteries of Creation

2c.  Superstrings & M-Theory
as Ultimate Solutions

    As scientists peeled back the layers of material nature, they first developed an understanding of atoms.  In the eighteenth century, John Newlands applied the ‘law of the octave’ to understanding the repetition of properties among different atomic substances found in the familiar world.  These elements appeared to fall naturally into an octave, or eightfold pattern.  Eventually, atoms were arranged into seven rows of elements in the periodic tables, which further embody different ‘inner octaves’ patterns.
    During the early part of the twentieth century, it was realized that ‘atoms’ are not truly indivisible or atomic, but are composed of further elements–the protons, electrons and neutrons.  These three elements of material nature embodying the positive, negative and neutralizing forces.  The electromagnetic force is the primary force governing the life of the atom, and it requires  a fourth element–the photon, which is the messenger force which mediates electromagnetic interactions within the atoms, and between atoms.
    Subsequently, these elements were further broken down into quarks–with protons composed of two ‘up quarks’ and one ‘down quark,’ and neutrons composed of one up quark, and two down.  Each have an inner triad of quarks which cannot be separated, and which are bound together by their own messenger particles, gluons, which mediate the sub-atomic ‘strong force.’

    The newer theories to be offered as the ultimate theories concerning the nature of matter are superstring theory and its extension into M-Theory.   These theories propose that what used to be conceived as ‘point particles’ really have an inner extension as ‘strings,' even with membranes, and that it is the different modes of vibration of these strings which produces all of the varied elements of nature.  In this view, everything at the most microscopic level consists of combinations of vibrating strands, or strings.  The mass and force charges of the particles are due to the string’s oscillatory pattern.  Greene (1999) notes: “... each particle contains a vibrating, oscillating, dancing filament what physicists ... have named a string.”  (p. 14)
    Once again, another layer of material nature, or onion, is being peeled away.  What were once conceived of as point particles are now determined to constitute a whole inner world on a different inner order of scale.  These strings exist down at the level of the Plankian units and are many orders of magnitude beyond anything which can be investigated directly with modern technology.
    In string theory, the “ultimate building block of nature” are these small strings with diameters at the level of the Planckian  units–with a size around 10-37 centimeters.  This is inconceivably small.  Each different mode of vibrations of these strings correspond to different fundamental particles.  These modes of vibration are referred to as the ‘zero point vibrations’ of the string.  Atkins (2003) depicts these: “Just think of the string as pulsing away quietly, like a human heart, each mode of its pulsing corresponding to a different particle.” (p. 197)  Of course, Atkins does not conceive that a human being might have such a zero point center, pulsing away like a human heart.
    If point particles can be replaced by vibrating strings, then this may resolve the inconsistencies between quantum theory and the general theory of relativity, and provide that elusive ‘theory of everything’–the holy grail of modern science.  The string concept allows scientists to weld together an understanding of quanta with a new understanding of higher space-time dimensions.  Although the earlier versions of string theory predicted a twenty-six dimensional space-time, and then a ten dimensional one, the most advanced model is eleven dimensional, with a seven dimensional hyperspace existing at every point within the four large space-time dimensions of the everyday world.  The 11-dimensional K.K. theory regards any such quanta as the result of ‘broken symmetries’ in the underlying seven dimensional hyperspace. 
          The latest version of string theory is called M-theory.  The ‘M’ is related to ‘membrane,’ although Atkins suggests that it might be also in reference to ‘the mother of all theories,’ while Greene suggests that it might be related to ‘mysterious.’  Anyway, M-theory talks of two-dimensional ‘membranes’ instead of one-dimensional strings wrapped up in these hyperspaces.  M-theorists attempt to understand “the dimensionality of the holes in these spaces ... through which the stings are threaded.”  (Atkins, p.199) M-theory, according to Atkins, is trying to answer the question of why there are ‘three families of particles’ in nature.  The answer from the perspective of M-theory suggests that the number of particle families is interrelated to how spacetime is compactified, all of which has to do with higher-dimensional symmetries, and the dimensionality of the holes in these spaces.  Atkins notes, criptically, that somehow “the number three is emerging as possibly significant.”  (p. 199)
     Atkins writes:
“... currently it looks as though the different theories can be united into one super-theory if the dimensionality is allowed to rise to eleven. ... string theory is all about strings vibrating in ten dimensions of space and one of time. ... In actuality, there are seven dimensions compactified in this way at each point, with the strings somehow wrapped round them, like a rubber band wrapped around a pipe. The compactified dimensions are thought to adopt a special shape at each point ... called Calabi-Yau spaces ... Shapes like these–in seven dimensions–are the hosepipes of string theory, for the strings wind round them and through their holes. ”  (2003, pp. 197-9)
The image below is a two-dimensional representation of a Calabi-Yau seven dimensional hyper-space!  Atkin says: “Think of a structure like this (but in more dimensions) as attached to every point in space.” (p. 199) Imagine that, that there would be such zero points established at every point within the four dimensional world with which we think we are familiar!
    The world is certainly nothing like what manifests to the senses, which is only an illusory projection from these deep realms of being.  In 1986, a Scientific American article by Freedman and Nieuwenhuizen, on the The Hidden Dimensions of Spacetime, used the next illustration, on the left--of seven dimensional hyperspheres existent at every point within the universe--to depict 11 dimensional K. K. theory.
     Within the newer supestring-M-theory, it is seven-dimensional Calabi-Yau Space that  exist at every point within the four dimensional world of the 'large dimensions.'  The illustration on the right from B. Greene's book The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, hidden dimensions, and the quest for the ultimate theory. (1999) uses a similar image to portray this profound concept of such a Calabi-Yau Spaces at every point underlying the three dimensional space.  They remind one of the ultimate 'space particles' of the Dalai Lama, and the Monads of Blavatsky.

    Of course, the little-bit scientists imagine that such concepts only have to do with the theoretical nature of sub-atomic quanta, and that all of these ideas have nothing to do with what we as humans experience on our levels of being.  What could theoretical physics have to do with the psychology of consciousness or the heart, or with the idea that human beings are such multidimensional beings themselves–with zero point origins!
       Perhaps the number three is inherent to the geometization of the world, like the number seven –with the underlying seven dimensional strings and seven dimensional hyperspace!  Certainly, if we consider the newest advances in modern physics as to the ultimate nature and constitution of quanta, and the universe, we are led to utterly awesome and inspired concepts–all related to what can be described as ‘zero point dynamics.’  It seems that, as Blavatsky says, the Gods and other invisible bodies clothed themselves in bodies, founded upon “material points without extension"–or zero points.  These newest ideas in superstring and M-theory are indeed most in keeping with the ancient wisdom teaching of Blavatsky’s Secret Doctrine.   Quanta, like the universe, have zero point foundations.

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